Posts Tagged ‘Yearbooks’
Group of recently appointed African American officers. Eleven of these men were appointed to the temporary rank of Ensign D-V(S), and one to Warrant Officer, USNR. February 1944.
February is an important month in remembering the path to freedom and equality for African Americans. While the world was in turmoil with war in the 1940s, significant progress was made in the passage for equal rights for African Americans from the Home Front to the battlefields that further set the path towards the 1950s and 60s Civil Rights Movement. It was the fight for Double Victory, the battle for freedom against the Axis powers abroad and for equality at home, that inspired African Americans to achieve excellence and persevere during their participation in the war effort. Join us throughout the month of February both here at the Museum and online in revisiting the African American experience during World War II and celebrating the lives that still sacrificed and defended a country that often fought against them.
“Fighting Hitler and Jim Crow: The Black Labor Movement During WWII” by Gemma Birnbaum
Wednesday, February 4, 2015
Mortimer Favrot Orientation Center
In honor of Black History Month, join Assistant Director of Education for Curriculum Gemma Birnbaum to learn more about the men and women on the Home Front who worked to industrialize the war abroad while fighting against racism at home. While unprecedented numbers of African American men and women found careers in war production, inequalities in opportunities, pay, and career mobility plagued the Arsenal of Democracy. See how ordinary workers in extraordinary circumstances became leaders in the fight for civil rights.
Panel: “African Americans in Military History” featuring Dr. Allan Millett, Dr. John Morrow and Dr. Adrian Lewis.
A partner program with University of New Orleans.
Thursday, February 26, 2015
4:00 pm Panel – Arizona/Missouri Room
5:30 pm Reception and Book Signing – US Freedom Pavilion: The Boeing Center
Join us for this panel discussion featuring Dr Allan Millet, Ambrose Professor of History and Director of the Eisenhower Center for American Studies at the University of New Orleans, Dr Adrian Lewis, Professor of 20th Century Warfare at the University of Kansas, and Dr John H Morrow, Jr, Professor of Modern Europe and warfare and society at the University of Georgia. This program presented in partnership with the Eisenhower Center for American Studies at UNO.
Special Presentation: “African Americans in WWII”
Thursday, February 26, 2015
6:30 pm Presentation | 7:30 pm Book Signing
US Freedom Pavilion: The Boeing Center
Join us for a special presentation as Dr. John Morrow of the University of Georgia discusses how the experiences of WWI influenced both government policies and African American military service in WWII. Dr. Morrow will also discuss the long-lasting effects of African American service in WWII and what it means for our nation and its military today.
Discover more about African Americans serving in WWII:
Learn their stories:
In 1941, fewer than 4,000 African Americans were serving in the military. By 1945, more than 1.2 million African Americans would be serving in uniform on the Home Front, in Europe and in the Pacific. Dive into more stories of the African American Experience during World War II in The National WWII Museum’s online collections documenting their wartime lives.
Uncover Oral Histories and Photographs in our Digital Collections:
Explore African American High School experiences in our collection of High School Yearbooks from the WWII-Era:
- Sgt. Franklin William, home on leave from army duty, with his best girl Ellen Hardin, splitting a soda. May 1942.
- Riveter at Lockheed Aircraft Corp., Burbank, CA.
- The integrated senior class of Topeka High School in 1944.
- A page from Topeka High School's yearbook.
- Members of Naval construction Battalions, are trained in landing tactics as well as general military drill.
- Tuskegee Airmen
“Something that was very different was that they had typewriter classes” said Richard Otis of Bradford, Vermont after examining the 1944 yearbook from Carl Schurz High School in Chicago, Illlinois. The afternoon session for Wednesday, June 20 allowed the Normandy Scholars to study wartime high school yearbooks to help give the students a sense of the Home Front. Richard joked that the typewriter classes belonged in the Stone Age, but he also noted the overt patriotism throughout the book. The first page was dedicated to all the graduates of Schurz High School who served.
Patriotism was a hallmark of all the yearbooks. Lacy Myrman of Brooklyn Park, Minnesota observed that every page of the 1945 Kankakee High School (Illinois) yearbook had a quote from a military or political leader such as Winston Churchill, Dwight D. Eisenhower, and Chester Nimitz. Every yearbook had a section honoring alumni who had served or were serving. Timelines of World War II events appeared several of the yearbooks.
Other students noticed societal differences in the nearly 70-year-old yearbooks. Tiffany Shumack of San Diego noticed the segregation within a school in Topeka, Kansas. Both white and black students attended the school, but many of the clubs and the school’s prom were segregated. Schools in urban areas such as Milwaukee, Chicago, and Oklahoma City showed almost no diversity among the student body, a very different setting from the schools that the Normandy Scholars attend today.
Taylor Bromlow of Canton, Oklahoma studies a WWII-era yearbook
Richard Otis of Bradford, Vermont takes notes on his group's yearbook
During the morning sessions, the students continued to experience lectures from renowned scholars. Up first was Dr. Sarandis “Randy” Papadopoulos, Secretariat Historian at the Department of the Navy. His lecture, Planning and Preparing for Operations Neptune and Overlord detailed the immense planning that went into these operations. The students were in awe at the sheer numbers of men, vehicles, and supplies that had to be put ashore in 24 hours.
Next up was Dr. Ray Batvinis of George Washington University with a very popular lecture called The Secret War: Intelligence and Deception in the Normandy Campaign. Dr. Batvinis served as an FBI agent and teaches classes on the history of the FBI. His knowledge of intelligence operations gave his lecture an extra layer of credibility. The students listened intently to the story of Juan Pujol Garcia, codenamed GARBO by the British. Garcia created a false identity and gained the trust of Hitler while convincing the Germans that the Allied invasion would come at Calais, where the English Channel was narrowest. Garcia was so trusted by the Germans that he received an Iron Cross for his work along with honors he received from Great Britain
On Thursday, the fifteen Normandy Scholars and their teachers will board a plane for Paris, France where a bus to the town of Bayeux will be waiting. On Saturday morning, the group will visit Pegasus Bridge and the Museum of the Atlantic Wall.
This post by Louisiana History Day Coordinator Nathan Huegen
Related Posts – WWII Yearbooks
Kankakee H.S., Kankakee, IL, 1944. The pieces of correspondence shown here are fragments of military letters known as V-Mail. Donated by Geraldine Dygert from Bradley, IL.
A few months ago, we asked our readers to donate their WWII-era yearbooks to the Education Department. You delivered! Yearbooks are a great way to find out how the everyday lives of high schools students were impacted by World War II. Full of messages of hope to one another, tributes to classmates who were serving overseas, and images of war bond sales and scrapping drives, yearbooks provide a fascinating look at the culture of America at war. World War II infiltrated nearly every aspect of the high school experience; with the draft an accepted part of life, many of your male classmates would have been off to war almost immediately upon graduating. Alumni who had perished in the line of fire were often featured prominently.
The war infiltrated every aspect of American life. Many images featured soldiers, nurses and other war-time symbols.
We’ve put together a gallery of selected images that represent what life was like for high school students on America’s Home Front during the war. Feel free to share your thoughts and your own high school war-time memories in the comments!
Check out the full gallery, “Take a Closer Look at Yearbooks,” here!
Posted by Gemma Birnbaum, Digital Education Coordinator and Collin Makamson, Red Ball Express Coordinator at The National WWII Museum.
Related Posts – WWII Yearbooks
Glee Club, 4-H, prom, and bad hair. You remember high school, right? Well, if you’re of a certain age, you may also remember school War Bond and scrap drives, carving plane-spotting models for the Navy in shop class, Victory rallies, and even fat collection days.
Wartime high school yearbooks are choke full of great images, stories, and memories of what it was like to be a teenager during WWII. And that’s why the Education Department wants to collect as many as it can. We’re creating new lessons and programs that explore WWII from a teenager’s viewpoint. Wartime yearbooks are a great primary source for students to start that exploration.
Do you have a wartime high school yearbook that you would like to donate to the Education Department? You need to know that it will become part of a hands-on education program, not accessioned into the Museum’s permanent collection. But it will be seen, analyzed, laughed at, wondered at, and ultimately respected by today’s generation seeking meaningful connections between their world and the Greatest Generation.
If you have a yearbook to donate, please contact Director of Education Kenneth Hoffman at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Related Posts – WWII Yearbooks